May 15


Critics of the measure as its proponents can not but agree with Bernard Thibault: it will be "an event in Europe." Francois Hollande promised that one of his first acts would be to extend, by order, the possibility for some employees to retire at age 60. "This is the first time in many years that a government will come back to this vicious cycle of decline (…) of the retirement age," welcomed the head of the CGT, Monday on RTL. But he also explained why the measure seemed insufficient. The new president has been clear during the campaign: to qualify for this exception to the legal age (increased gradually to 62 by the reform Woerth), it will have paid 41 years. Contributed, and not validated this period. Nuance size. The pension system "offer" because of the quarters to insured under the National Solidarity, in certain situations – maternity leave, parental leave, military service, unemployment, illness or disability long – they do not work, so do not contribute not. Eight quarters are also given to parents for each birth (in fact, almost always mothers).

In practice, it will be necessary before having worked 19 years without interruption, to stop work at 60. An extension of the device 'long career "already open to individuals who began their careers at age 17 or earlier, which would affect about one in four insured approaching the retirement age (150,000 persons per year).

"We are pleased that this improvement is around long careers, both criticized at the time by the CGT and FO," says Jean-Louis Malys, the "Mr. Retreats "of the CFDT. The union had obtained this system in 2003 by François Fillon and Jean-Pierre Raffarin, in return for a longer contribution period. "Francois Hollande, the PS then premiersecrétaire very reluctant, has resumed since the principle of lengthening the contribution period as life expectancy," says Jean-Louis Malys cash advance no faxing. However, he announced his willingness to discuss "special cases", not to penalize the unemployed or housewives. The device 'long career "has two current relaxations: are deemed assessed periods of sickness, maternity, accidents at work (a maximum of 4 quarters) and national service.

Extensive consultation

The other unions are more virulent. "It is essential to discuss the modalities of implementation," Bernard Thibault requires. Otherwise, "this could be one of the first clashes with the government," threatened Jean-Claude Mailly (FO) last week. The obstacle is financial: the measure, in its limited version, should have cost up to 5 billion per year (funded by increased contributions) to the single basic plan. Perhaps these unions show they less indecisive when it comes to transpose to supplementary Agirc-Arrco, they co-manage with the employers. The cost is estimated at about 50% of that weighing on the basic plan.

Anyway, this step will be temporary, before consulting widely on the whole pension system. Age, duration of assessment, funding, harmonization of rules between plans, hardship …: everything can be discussed, promised the new head of state. But again, the financial strain will weigh. The Board of Retirement Guidance indicated that he would end 2012 new projections. And its president, Raphaël Hadas-Lebel, has already warned the crisis will result in a degradation of the accounts.


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